Posts Tagged Bible

What is Logos?

In the beginning was Reason, and Reason was with God, and Reason was God. 2 It was with God in the beginning. 3 Through it all things were made; without it nothing was made that has been made. 4 In it was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. John 1:1

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Song Analysis – “All Along the Watchtower” – Bob Dylan

[Part 3]

All along the watchtower, princes kept the view

While all the women came and went, barefooted servants, too.

Outside in the distance a wildcat did growl,

Two riders were approaching, the wind began to howl.

[I think this will be the most challenging song analysis I have yet written. Even though this is a short song, its lyrics are mysterious and heavy with meaning. Those of you familiar with the song may have already noticed something odd. The lyrics are out of order here. Or are they? On the website SongMeanings.net, a user named “eyeland” cites an article in Crawdaddy by Paul Williams that compares this song to a Moebius strip. The first part that we hear begins, “There must be some way out of here.” However, in terms of the story the song is telling, the beginning is actually the third part, which begins, “All along the watchtower.”

Another user on SongMeanings, “belteshazzar” claims convincingly that Dylan was alluding to the Parable of the Tenants, a story found in the Gospel of Mark, Chapter 12.

Here is the Parable of the Tenants, copied from the New International Version of the Bible:

1He then began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a pit for the winepress and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and went away on a journey. 2At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. 3But they seized him, beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4Then he sent another servant to them; they struck this man on the head and treated him shamefully. 5He sent still another, and that one they killed. He sent many others; some of them they beat, others they killed.

    6“He had one left to send, a son, whom he loved. He sent him last of all, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

    7“But the tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8So they took him and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.

    9“What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others. (Mark 12:1 – 12:9)

The landowner – represents God

The vineyard – symbolizes the Kingdom of God

The tenants – represent Israel’s religious leaders and all who reject Christ

The servants – symbolize God’s prophets and faithful believers

The beloved son – represents Jesus Christ, peace be upon him (Note: I am not in any way supporting the belief that Jesus is the son of God. What I am saying here is that Christians believe he is the son of God.)

The princes that the song refers to could be any people with wealth and/or power. Women and barefoot peasants pass by. Some have argued that this refers to the Vietnam War because many of the Vietcong were poor farmers. Also Americans killed civilians, even women, during the war. However, I think there is no specific detail here that is exclusive to Vietnam and that this could refer to any society with upper and lower classes.

[Part 1]

“There must be some way out of here,” said the joker to the thief,

“There’s too much confusion, I can’t get no relief. Businessmen, they drink my wine, plowmen dig my earth, None of them along the line know what any of it is worth.” 

[If one looks back to the Parable of the Tenants, it is the son who comes to the vineyard and sees men taking advantage of the situation. The joker here says “my wine” and “my earth,” so he seems to be playing the role of the son. Therefore many critics have concluded that the joker here is Jesus, peace be upon him. The thief could be the criminal who was executed along with Jesus in the Biblical story of the crucifixion.]

[Part 2] “No reason to get excited,” the thief, he kindly spoke,

“There are many here among us who feel that life is but a joke.

But you and I, we’ve been through that, and this is not our fate,

So let us not talk falsely now, the hour is getting late.”

[The thief tries to calm down the joker. He speaks of people who feel life is meaningless. One could call such people existentialists. The thief seems to think that many peopke have an existentialist phase but some mature out of it. He deems himself and the joker to be the kind of person who has grown beyond existentialism. If we are to believe that the joker is Jesus and the thief is a criminal, this exchange is quite unusual. The criminal is actually teaching Jesus a lesson rather than the other way around. He is trying to remind Jesus that even in the face of suffering, life has meaning. It seems odd for a criminal to be saying this to a messenger of God or even the son of God.

The last line here says, “the hour is getting late.” It makes more sense to end with this line than to end with the last line that comes in the song about the wind howling. This line makes the most sense if one interprets the joker as being Jesus. Interestingly, the thief says, “Let us not talk falsely now . . .” The obvious implication is that Jesus was lying when he spoke earlier about people stealing from the vineyard. But I don’t see a lie in his speech. The missing lie is one of the mysteries of this song. An entirely different theory of the song says the joker is Dylan himself and the thief is Elvis Presley. It is much easier to swallow that Dylan lied as opposed to Jesus lying.

Finally, when the thief says “the hour is getting late,” he is saying that the two of them are about to die.]

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Verses for Our Time

A year-long project is over. I started reading the Old Testament in May 2007. I read an average of three chapters every day. The version I read was the New International Version (NIV), which I read online (www.ibs.org/niv). Today I finally finished.

The end of the Old Testament contains twelve books about minor Hebrew prophets. There were two verses that I read today which I found particularly enlightening.

Here’s one that I feel many people today can relate to:

Haggai 1:5

5 Now this is what the LORD Almighty says: “Give careful thought to your ways. 6 You have planted much, but have harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it.”

Maybe it’s the current state of the economy that makes this verse ring so true. This verse is talking about a lack of fulfillment, a scarcity of contentment. With the global food crisis, it definitely seems like we have harvested little. I also feel like I eat and eat, but I never have enough. Maybe I need to change my diet or maybe it’s something deeper, but I don’t feel satisfied by food like I used to feel. I’m not having money problems right now, thankfully, but I know many people must feel like their wallets or purses have holes in them.

This next verse strikes me as something that closely resembles the Quran and the Hadith.

Malachi 2:16

16 “I hate divorce,” says the LORD God of Israel, “and I hate it when people clothe themselves with injustice,” says the LORD Almighty.

Of course Islam permits divorce and even makes it relatively easy to do, but it reminds us that divorce is one of the things that Allah hates most. Also, justice is very important to Muslims as we believe we are commanded to fight injustice in whatever way we are able. I find it interesting that divorce and injustice are paired together in this manner. Maybe the implication is that one major cause of divorce is injustice. When spouses do not give each other the rights they deserve, divorce may result.

Also, the verse doesn’t just say people commit injustice but that they “clothe themselves” with injustice. It is one thing when injustice is an act that you do, but when injustice surrounds you and envelops you as if it is your own clothing, you know you have gone far astray. In today’s society when our clothes are often the product of sweatshop labor and inhumane working conditions, how many of us are guilty of clothing ourselves with injustice? Think about it.

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